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Personal Information

California School of Professional Psychology

Clinical Psychology

Sacramento Campus

Program Director

Associate Professor

Alliant International University Sacramento
2030 West El Camino Avenue
Sacramento CA 95833


Courses, Research Interests, Publications

Personality and neuropsychological assessment; personality disorders; treatment process, outcome and alliance; premature termination; prediction of substance abuse treatment relapse/success.

Book Chapters

Gacono, C.B., Bannatyne-Gacono, L., Meloy, J.R., & Baity, M.R. (2008). The Rorschach assessment of aggression: The Rorschach extrended aggression scores. In C.B Gacono, F.B. Evans, N. Kaser-Boyd, and L.A. Gacono (Eds.), The Handbook of Forensic Rorschach Assessment. New York, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Blais, M.A., Baity, M.R., & O'Keefe, S. (2008). Understanding and applying psychological assessment. In T. A. Stern, J.F. Rosenbaum, M. Fava, Biederman, J., and S. Rauch (Eds.). Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. Mosby Inc., St. Louis, MO.

Blais, M.A., & Baity, M.R. (2008). The projective assessment of personality structure and pathology. In G.J. Boyle, G. Matthews, and D.H. Saklofske (Eds.). The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment: Vol. 2 Personality Measurement and Testing (pp. 566 - 586). Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA.

Blais, M.A., & Baity, M.R. (2006). Rorschach assessment of histrionic personality disorder. In S. Huprich (Ed.) Rorschach Assessment of Personality Disorders. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, NJ.

Baumann, B. D., Hilsenroth, M. J., Ackerman, S. J., Baity, M. R., Smith, C. L., Smith, S.R., Blagys, M. D., Price, J. L., Heindselman, T. L., Mount, M. K., & Holdwick, D. J. (2001). The Capacity for Dynamic Process Scale (CDPS): An examination of reliability, validity, and relation to therapeutic alliance. Psychotherapy Research, 11, 275-294.

Siefert, C.J., DeFife, J.A., & Baity, M.R. (In press). Process measures for psychodynamic psychotherapy. In R. Levy and S.J. Ablon. (Eds.), Evidence-Based Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Baity, M.R. (In press). Brief rating scales for the assessment of cognitive and neuropsychological status. In L. Baer and M.A. Blais (Eds.). Handbook of clinical rating scales and assessment in psychiatry and mental health. Humana Press: Totowa, NJ.

Edited Books

Blais, M.A, Baity, M.R., & Hopwood, C. Clinical Applications of the Personality Assessment Inventory. Routledge. (Expected Release 2/10)


Barazani, S., Smith, S.A., Baity, M.R., & Hilsenroth, M.H. (2008). Rorschach correlates of adolescent self-mutilation. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 72, 54 - 77.

Baity, M.R., Siefert, C.S., Chambers, A., & Blais, M.A. (2007). Deceptiveness on the PAI: A study of na#ve faking with psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Personality Assessment, 88, 16-24.

Harley, R., Baity, M.R., Blais, M.A., Jacobo, M.C. (2007). Use of DBT skills training for borderline personality disorder in a naturalistic setting. Psychotherapy Research, 17, 362 - 370.

Jacobo, M.C., Blais, M.A., Baity, M.R., & Harley, R. (2007). Concurrent validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory Borderline Scales in patients seeking Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Journal of Personality Assessment, 88, 75-81.

Blais, M.A., & Baity, M.R. (2005). Exploring the psychometric properties and clinical utility of the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) in a medical psychiatric sample. Assessment, 12, 1-7.

Hilsenroth, M.J., Baity, M.R., Mooney, M.A., & Meyer, G.J. (2004). DSM-IVMajor Depressive Episode criteria: An evaluation of reliability and validity across three different rating methods. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 8, 3-10.

Smith, S.R., Hilsenroth, M.J., Baity, M.R., & Knowles, E.S. (2003). Assessment of patient and therapist perspectives of process: A revision of the Vanderbilt Psychotherapy Process Scale. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 57, 195-205.

Hilsenroth, M.J., Ackerman, S.J., Blagys, M.D., Baity, M.R., & Mooney, M.A. (2003). Short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy for depression: An examination of statistical, clinically significant and technique specific change. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191, 349-357.

Baity, M..R., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2002). Rorschach aggressive content (AgC) variable: A study of criterion validity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 78, 275-287.

Smith, S.R., Baity, M.R., Knowles, E.S., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2001). Assessment of disordered thinking in children and adolescents: The Rorschach Perceptual-Thinking Index. Journal of Personality Assessment, 77, 447-463.

Blais, M. A., Hilsenroth, M. J., Castlebury, F., Fowler, J. C., & Baity, M. R. (2001). Predicting DSM-IV Cluster B personality disorder criteria from MMPI-2 and Rorschach data: A test of incremental validity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 76, 150-168.

Baity, M.R., McDaniel, P.S., & Hilsenroth, M.J. (2000). Further exploration of the Rorschach aggressive content variable. Journal of Personality Assessment, 74, 231-241.

Ackerman, S.J., Hilsenroth, M.J., Baity, M.R., and Blagys, M.D. (2000). Interaction of therapeutic process and alliance during psychological assessment. Journal of Personality Assessment 75, 1, 82-109.

Hilsenroth, M. J., Ackerman, S. J., Blagys, M. D., Baumann, B. D., Baity, M. R., Smith, S. R., Price, J. L., Smith, C. L., Heindselman, T. L., Mount, M. K., & Holdwick, D. J. (2000). Reliability and validity of DSM-IV Axis V. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1858-1863.

Baity, M. R. & Hilsenroth, M. J. (1999). Rorschach aggression variables: A study of reliability and validity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 72, 93-110.

Baity, M.R., Blais, M.A., Hilsenroth, M.J., Fowler, J.C., & Padawer, J. (In press) Self-mutilation, severity of borderline psychopathology and the Rorschach. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic.

Personality Assessment

Cognitive and Affective Bases of Behavior

Neuropsychological Assessment

Academic History and Background

Bachelor of Arts cum laude, University of North Texas, 1995

Master of Arts in Psychology, University of Arkansas, 1999

Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, University of Arkansas, 2003

Licensed Psychologist, Massachusetts

Member, American Psychological Association

Member, APA Division 39, Section VI (Psychoanalytic Research)

Member, Society for Personality Assessment

Professional Practice and Community Service

Assistant Professor, Alliant International University

Manuscript reviewer: Journal of Psychological Assessment, Assessment

Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

Consulting Editor: Journal of Personality Assessment